Chronic pain syndrome: Symptoms, causes, treatment, and risk factors

About Chronic Pain 

Pain in life are inevitable as a response to illness, infections or injuries. Symptoms indicate something isn't right. In general, it is easy for a person's pains to subside when his or her health improves. Although some individuals are suffering pain, their original causes have not been solved.

Pain lasts three to five years is chronic pain. Almost 25.3 million people in the U.S. suffer from chronic pain daily. Chronic pain has exacerbated sleep difficulties, anxiety, depression, and insomnia. There are a variety of pain signals, as well as pain relievers, which we will discuss in detail in the guide below.

Read More Read Less

Chronic Pain

What is considered chronic pain?

Chronic pain is a pain that lasts more than three months. It is a complex issue with numerous causes. Combination therapy is a combination of pharmacological therapy and non-pharmacological therapy options.

Chronic pain syndrome is caused by prolonged nociceptive or neuropathic impulses that occur in the presence of long-term and unresolved diseases (for example, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, herniated disc, broken bone). In some cases, even minor damage can lead to long-term changes (sensitization) in the nervous system - from peripheral receptors to the spinal cord and cerebral cortex, which can lead to the generation of persistent pain perception in the absence of an ongoing painful stimulus. Due to sensitization, minor pain with an almost resolved disease is perceived as severe chronic pain syndromes.

In some cases (for example, chronic low back pain or joint pain after injury), the source of the pain is obvious; in others (eg, persistent headache, atypical facial pain, chronic abdominal pain, widespread pain), the true source of the pain may not be as obvious. Therefore, careful professional physical therapy under the supervision of a pain specialist is required for effective Pain Management.

Read More Read Less

What is  neuropathic pain and how is it different from musculoskeletal pain (like a muscle sprain)?

Pain often refers to injuries and inflammation. It can serve the most important purpose since the moment of pain allows us to defend ourselves against harm or prevent further damage. Neuropathic symptoms however do not offer any benefit to people in particular. It is caused by disordered brain function. This includes varying kinds of diseases from the brain down to nerves on foot and the toes.

Occasionally pain sensations are transmitted even though there isn’t a pain stimulus. Sometimes sensory signs crossed and were mistaken for a sense of pain. With strokes, people can be left with difficulty in processing sensations correctly.

Is there a cause for chronic pain?

Chronic pain is caused by numerous factors. The pain may be due to a sickness which you may have healed, but the pain remains the same. Or you can experience persistent symptoms of pain, including arthritis or cancer. In some cases, chronic pain syndrome is triggered largely by past trauma (post traumatic stress disorder).

Long lasting pain can be aggravated by psychological factors. Thus, ongoing pain may manifest itself disproportionately to identifiable physical processes. Chronic Pain Syndrome often leads to psychological problems or worsens mental health conditions (eg, depression, anxiety). It is often difficult to distinguish psychological cause from effect, but if patients experience chronic pain along with depression and anxiety, they usually add to the overall feeling of debilitating pain.

Various factors in the patient's quality of life (for example, the attitude of family members, friends) can also perpetuate patterns of behavior leading to increased pain.

Read More Read Less

What are some neuropathic pain syndromes?

Neuropathical symptoms vary in various forms. Typical syndromic syndromes include diabetic neurological disease, post herpetic neuralgia pain scars, nerve gangrene and trigminal fibrosis. Spinal nerve injuries or radiation are neuropathic problems causing neck and lower spine problems.

Symptoms are pain in the leg or arm that is triggered by the compression or irritation of the spinal cord. Because neurologic and neuropathic pain differ radically from injuries, they require different treatments.

What are the different chronic pain syndromes?

Chronic pain is classified by pain characteristics or body regions: myofascial, fibromyalgia, neuromuscular, neurologic, chronic migraine.


Myofascial type of pain can occur from just one trigger point, but there are usually several. It is a common condition that develops over time due to mechanical imbalances, decreased range of motion, and muscle pseudo-weakness. In some cases, it gives rise to pain levels, which is characteristic of fibromyalgia.


Fibromyalgia is the most common chronic pain condition (prevalence is 2–3%). Typical symptoms: diffuse pain in muscles, ligaments and tendons, as well as the presence of several trigger points. Most pain subsides after an injury heals or an illness runs its course.

Muscle pain

Muscle pain and muscle spasms can occur due to chronic muscle tension, hypothermia, affected limb and various injuries (bruises, dislocations, sprains). Pain relief is achieved through relaxation techniques such as stretching exercises, soft muscle relaxants and even psychological therapy.

Neurological (Nerve Pain)

Neurological (Nerve Pain) occurs due to damage or dysfunction of the peripheral or central nervous system (eg, phantom limb pain, diabetic neuropathy, trigeminal neuralgia). Pain control is often achieved using adjuvant medications rather than analgesics (eg, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants) or non-drug therapies (eg, physical therapy, talk therapy).


Migraine is a type of primary headache and one of the most common reasons for seeing a primary care physician. In typical cases, intense pain lasts from 4 to 72 hours, while the patient’s symptoms can be severe. This type of pain often worsens with physical activity and may also be accompanied by trouble sleeping. Stress, substance dependency, sleep deprivation can trigger a migraine attack.

Trigger foods vary from person to person. Pain can develop after damage to nerve cells at any level.

Headache caused by overuse of drugs

Frequent or daily use of medications to treat acute headaches may increase their frequency and cause the episodic headaches to become chronic.

Patients who develop this disorder often take analgesics or take them in high doses.

The most common medications taken by patients with overuse headaches are:

Other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may also cause headaches.

Diagnosis of headache due to drug overuse is clinical and is based on the frequency of headaches and the use of medications to relieve them.

Can lifestyle changes help with chronic pain?

Having chronic pain is a lifestyle decision that helps minimize its impact on you. Some doctors and nurses call these their three main components to chronic pain. Please discuss these four lifestyle pillars and the way they relate to your pain level and the changes to lifestyle to your daily life with your physician.

Continuing Education Activity

Chronic pain is the most common complaint of adult ambulatory care. Unfortunately, chronic noncancer pain is sometimes a problem to practising because it is not effective when combined with other treatments pharmaco-monochlorically. This activity reviews the evaluation, management and treatment of non-cancer pain and emphasizes the roles that the interprofessional team plays in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain.

Objectives of this course: List the pathophysiological aspects of chronic and acute pain and recognize the key aspects of the history and medical examination to determine the treatment option.

Read More Read Less

What is sympathetically-mediated pain (complex regional pain syndrome)?

Complex regional pain syndrome is a new neuropathic condition. It has been known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD). Symptoms may result from serious injuries or minor trauma. What caused CPR to occur remains undetermined but regardless of its causes it has remained linked to severe pain. The pain is severe, and even light touching may cause extreme excruciating pain.

Read More Read Less

Treatment / Management

CNCP is an alternative medicine that can be effective in reducing chronic pain and improving the quality of life. Physical therapy using physical modalities like strengthening and memory therapy injections, surgical procedures or alternative therapies such acupuncture are also important.

In some situations, surgical evaluation might need consideration. Medications such as nonopioid analgesic medicines including antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and topical drugs.

Read More Read Less

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the chronic pain syndrome?

The doctor describes chronic pain as pain lasting over three months if there are symptoms. This pain may also cause a person to experience other symptoms of depression, anxiety, depression, and more. Eventually the health professional might define chronic pain.

The doctor describes chronic pain as pain lasting over three months if there are symptoms. This pain disorder may also cause a person to experience other symptoms of depression, anxiety, and more. It is advisable to contact a specialised pain treatment centre to properly diagnose the pain severity and relieve pain.

Because healing lasts up to 3 months, a long period of time can be considered chronic pain. Nerve conduction studies points to some risk factors to make pain worse such as smoking, poor diet, and complex medical history.

When you hurt day after day, it can take a toll on your emotional and physical health. But when your body heals, you usually stop hurting.

In general, pain is eliminated once an accident is healed and healing begins. However, pains may persist for months or even years and become chronic pain. Pain is often chronic when there are no cures. The pain of arthritis can be sustained for many years, causing pain. Sadly, acute pain can be experienced despite healing and without traumatic injuries.

The problem may have occurred from damaged nerve tissue which transmits the painful (neuropathic) pain, but chronic pain can also have traumatic impacts on the nervous system.

The earliest known treatment to treat chronic pain has not yet been discovered. The treatment of arthritis can reduce the pain in the joints. Some people with chronic pain do not know the causes but have difficulty finding the right cures. It is possible that people with severe chronic disease may need treatment for pain.

Your physician may prescribe some medications to reduce pain signals, which include:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

  • Adjuvant analgesics

  • Nerve blocks

  • Muscle relaxers

  • Prescribing opioids

The use of one or more drugs with different mechanisms of action is often necessary. But these intensive pain management products can only be prescribed by qualified healthcare providers. It is strictly forbidden to take these medications on your own without preliminary in-depth diagnostics (history, blood tests, imaging tests, etc.).

Every drug has its prevalence, impact on health care costs and risks — sometimes more serious. Make sure you talk to a physician when seek treatment if there is an adverse reaction to chronic pain medication.

request your appointment online. we'll contact you asap